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LIZ PURCELL - freelance writer with a Bachelor of Arts in English from San Francisco State University

Writing the Backstory – Fiction

A backstory shows what happened before the story started. The revelation of backstory secrets throughout the story helps enhance the drama in the action even if the story is in genres such as mystery, horror, and action-adventure. A backstory may be the history of a town, objects, or other elements or what happened to the characters earlier that may influence their behavior and mode of action in the plot.

In our time, most stories, especially short stories, begin closer to the end. Until about fifty or so years ago, authors wrote several pages explaining a character’s backstory. Nowadays, we call this info-dump, and we try to avoid it no matter what. The backstory works better if it is given in small doses and only when necessary. On the other hand, it is very important for the writer to be well aware of the backstory even if he never tells it to the readers.

In real life, every person has a backstory or a past that influences his present and future. Knowing his characters’ pasts will enable the writer to present real people to his readers. In other words, the writer needs to know where his characters are coming from so he can use just the right words to express why the characters are acting the way they are acting. Then, to create depth and to kindle the imagination of the reader, the writer may choose only to hint at a backstory and leave shadow areas. This objective can be best achieved if the writer himself is familiar with the backstory in its entirety. For this, it is necessary to make character sheets for the primary characters with emphasis on internal traits and history sheets for the objects and the setting, especially if the objects or the setting are playing an important role throughout the plot.

All short stories, plays, and novels need backstories, but the writer does not need to push a backstory on the reader as a whole. There are instances, however, when the backstory needs to be told in one chunk, such as in a long work as a prologue where an imaginary world is important to the plot.

Other methods of inserting the backstory are through flashbacks, discussions between the characters, and a very short summary of past action somewhere inside the story. The rule of thumb is, stories work better if the backstory is inserted in the first half closer to the middle rather than in the very beginning or at the end. In addition, it is important to remember to make the story more exciting than the backstory, so the backstory does not overpower the plot.

Here is an exercise for writers to test the importance of a backstory:

If you are not sure of the importance of the backstory for a writer, do this exercise to convince yourself. Either write a story just to write the plot (what happened) or write a three sentence plot, first sentence for the beginning, second for the middle, and third for the ending. Then take the setting and the characters and give them backstories. Now write the story, giving it all you’ve got. You do not have to include the backstories, but you should know them as you write. I bet you’ll find that your story has a depth that wouldn’t be there if it didn’t have a backstory.

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg

Source by Joy Cagil

Become A Copywriter – Differences and Similarities Between Brochures and Sales Letters

If you receive a direct response package in the mail you’ll probably pull out both a sales letter and a sales brochure. What you’ll notice (if you have a trained copywriter’s eye) is that they are very similar in certain ways. They have very similar techniques and characteristics and they obviously share the same objective – to get you to buy the product or service!

Here are some of the ways that direct response letters and direct response brochures are similar:

They are written in the reader’s language. Never, ever, use corporate speak or corporate jargon when writing to sell (unless, of course, you’re selling to corporate executives of course). In order to get that sale you must talk to your reader as if you were one of them, just like a good friend would.

Benefits, benefits, benefits. Did I mention benefits? Just like a great sales letter, brochures focus on a product’s best benefits. An effective brochure will show exactly what the product or service will do for the reader. Is it dentures you’re selling? Then the brochure would highlight how the dentures make the reader feel younger by enjoying the foods they enjoyed at an earlier age.

Call now to take advantage of this great offer!!! The brochure, just like the sales letter, includes a call to action. This is important because you’re never sure that the prospect will read both the letter and the brochure so the call to action must be on both.

Yes there are many important similarities between a brochure and a sales letter. They both are trying to accomplish the same goal so naturally you would want them to include the same sales technique.

However, there are many differences between the two because a brochure can offer unique opportunities that the sales letter cannot. These are some of the main differences between the sales letter and the brochure:

Pure novelty. Sales letters are more “real” in that they are created to resemble an actual correspondence and the more “real” they are the more effective they become. A brochure has no derivation other than something used in sales and marketing so they take on a more novel approach. Design and novelty take the place of personalization. This novelty can be more attractive and this increases the brochure’s effectiveness. People, especially the more jaded prospects, are used to seeing sales letters so the appeal has worn off. The uniqueness of a well-designed brochure can break down the jaded prospect’s cynical barrier.

The brochure is “real life.” The brochure can often be a case sample. The letter is written to grab the reader’s emotions, to play on their senses. The brochure is written to be the equivalent of placing the product in the reader’s hands. When finished reading the brochure the prospect should have a really good idea of what owning the product is like.

Brochures are not designed “top to bottom.” Letters are written to be read from top to bottom, start to finish. There’s a narrative, a story that must be told in a letter. Brochures on the other hand are modular. They have panels that can be assigned different benefits, features, calls to action, and even reply cards.

Pictures, graphs, charts, and other visual things. Brochures can feature eye pleasing pictures of the product. They can feature graphs and pie charts, and graphics that illustrate the various benefits and features of the product. A well-designed brochure can be a work of art in that it’s so pleasing to the eye that it’s hard for the reader to put it down. Not every prospect wants to read a long sales letter, but if you have a beautifully designed brochure with graphics that encapsulate the main benefits, it will be hard for the prospect to ignore it.

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg

Source by W Allen

The Carrot Porridge Story

Carrot is one of the vegetables that can be called an universal vegetable. If one tries carrot can be grown in any part of the world. There are however many individuals who just barely use it because they do not know how to add it to the diet without just using it straight raw or boiled. This seemingly bland vegetable do have some sugar, and of such may be used as appetizer, main course a dessert and most recently discovered even as a cereal.

Recently I have discovered through a challenge given to my home economics students that carrots can be added as a breakfast treat. Because most of the students come from low economic strata it was a challenge to see some of the low cost recipes we could come up with using carrots to make nutritious dishes. We have come up with a number of different recipes. We had decided in one grade eight class that we would begin by using carrot in a drink and so students were asked to bring the ingredients. But for some reason, four weeks went by and only one girl brought nutmeg and vanilla.

Wanting to prick their imagination I said “let us make carrot porridge, you the class give the other ingredients like milk sugar and flour I will give the carrot.”That brought a number of sarcastic remarks from students. One boy said I don’t want to get poisoned. One said” I will get sick”. Another said” carrot can’t make porridge”. I said “let us try it .that is the only way we will know” So they bought the things and we proceed to make the porridge.

Students were divided into groups and each group given a specific task .One girl was assigned the duty of scribe, she was to make notes on the chalkboard of everything we did and the quantity of each ingredient used. We began by cleaning and grating our carrot. Then blended in water and put it to boil. We then thicken this with flour, added milk, vanilla and spice,. We sweetened and leave to simmer.

After 20 minutes it was ready for tasting. One girl tasted it first, she said “teacher it sell off, it tastes good man”. Pretty soon others were rushing to taste it. We removed the porridge from the fire and each student got a cup. They were so excited they rushed out to give teachers and other students a taste. Soon other teachers, security personnel, canteen and tuck shop workers almost every staff member was asking for the carrot porridge recipe. If you would like a copy also  just follow the link. Look out for more low cost carrot recipes

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg

Source by Juliet Christie Murray

Secrets of Article Writing – Write Multiple Articles Per Day

Article writing is a very effective way to start a freelance career or market your website. For either purpose, it is important that you publish as often as possible so that your search engine optimization remains high. The following 4 steps can help you get started on creating multiple articles daily.

First, create a list of article titles in batches of similar subject matter. Similarity breeds speed. After completing the first article, each succeeding article will become easier and thus faster since the subject matter is basically the same or very similar in fashion. In time this bit of the exercise will get easier.

Second, generate a list of 3-4 supporting topics for each title. This will make the actual writing a smooth and easy process. The most effective articles are only 400-600 words so keep it simple. Alternatively, since the subject matter is the same, you could create one long list of supporting topics that can be used interchangeably. In the end you have created a few outlines that are well organized to make your writing faster and easier.

Third, start writing with simple sentences and short concise paragraphs. Each paragraph should only contain 3-5 sentences while each supporting topic acts as a separate paragraph. Get the information you want to convey as quick as you can. This organization will not only help with your speed, but it also maintains clarity so that your message is easily understood.

Lastly, as you begin to write, time yourself. Over time when you continuously time yourself you will begin to see that your writing speed decreases. So you can spend the same amount of time writing higher number Because of the similarity of subject matter and through diligent practice, you will begin to create articles in less than 30 minutes. Within a short time, you can be generating 3-4 articles per hour. Depending on how long you spend writing every day, you can easily create the right amount of articles for your intentions.

One bonus step is to outsource some of your work to other writers. If you can afford to hire a ghost writer, your numbers can be substantially increased without sacrificing any quality.

The easiest way to multiply your numbers is to be organized. Setting up a system of outlines will increase your speed, clarity, quality and most importantly, quantity. This process will enable you to write as fast and smoothly as any professional writer.

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg

Source by Janet B Cole

The Son of A Rat Catcher

Uganda is a country that was referred to as “The Pearl of Africa” by Sir Winston Churchill in 1907 during his travel tours in Uganda. The country has gone through many tremendous changes in economic, social and political spheres of life. Uganda offers an experience that is as varied ranging from colonial British colonial rule, dictatorial regimes, and a wide range of civil wars as well as modern democracy. What you see and experience are only limited by your imagination and sense of adventure. Jenkins Kiwanuka is one of the people who have witnessed these changing situations in the country. In his book titled “The Son of A rat Catcher”, he does share his memoirs – memoirs of one of Uganda’s exceptionally talented journalists who turned himself into a remarkable public relations officer and diplomat in Uganda’s Foreign Service. A man with no full formal education, this ‘son of a rat catcher’ presents to us a story of great determination, hard work and self-confidence, thereby fulfilling the advertiser’s remark that ‘when you follow your passion, success follows you. In his words, Prof. Samwiri Lwanga-Lunyiigo, describes these as memoirs of ‘a tailor, carpenter, builder, clerk, journalist, politician, public relations practitioner, diplomat and business executive’. “It’s that versatility,” says the Professor, “that enabled Kiwanuka to seize.

Son of a Rat Catcher, although relatively small, is just about everything in life. There are so many things to read and wonder about: Kiwanuka’s very humble beginnings; how he missed out on higher education; how he rose from working (as a clerk) in the King’s African Rifles to journalism, foreign service, journalism again, then business as an executive and progress from that phase to his present working life as a newspaper columnist and author.

Whom didn’t he meet and where didn’t he visit in his long service in both public and private services? He rubbed shoulders (literally) with such figures as Prime Ministers Harold Wilson of Britain, Holyoake of New Zealand and Indira Gandhi of India (who served him a glass of water when he dozed off in a conference), Pope John Paul II (now a Saint), Sir Andrew Cohen (a former Governor of Uganda whom he gave a lift in his car), Chairman Mao Tse Tung of China and many others.

As for his foreign service exploits, apart from serving at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs at home, he served at our missions in London, Washington D.C., New York, Ottawa, Bonn and the Vatican. He wrote tributes to a host of people who have passed on and those of Pope John Paul II, Abubakar Mayanja, Daudi Taliwaku, Dan Zirimenya and James Namakajjo form part of the book.

Kiwanuka ends his book with 20 ‘Reflections,’ which are fascinating to read. In fact, if there is a section of the memoirs the reader should re-read, this is surely the one. There are lots of lessons to learn from these memoirs, the outstanding one being that if you have passion for your life and determination and self-confidence, the blue sky is your limit.

This is an extraordinary story of an extraordinary life told by a man with an extraordinary pen at his disposal. I have read many memoirs in my life, but these are among the best I have come across.

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg

Source by Andrew Ojangole

A CV Writer

CV is curriculum vitae and it can be defined as an outline of any particular person’s professional, educational and also personal details. It is usually prepared for all types of job applications. Another name of a CV is called a resume. A CV can be described as the most convenient and flexible way that can be used to make an application. It also conveys the applicant’s personal details in such a way that is present the reader or the recruiter the best possible information and knowledge on the person. It is a type of marketing document in which you are marketing a very important thing and that is yourself. You must write your CV in such a manner that you are able to sell all your abilities, skills, qualifications and experience.

Contents of a good CV

A good CV must include all your basic information. It is not required to list all your personal details. However the most important information is your previous work experience, skills and qualifications, accomplishments, education details, contact information, personal experiences and computer skills. All these are extremely important and will surely lay the foundation of your CV. Thus you must make sure that you give this information in a very systematic and organized manner.

No grammatical mistakes

You must make sure that all the spellings are accurate and there must not be any grammatical mistakes. Most recruiters filter job application candidates by giving their CV a glance. This means that you will surely reduce your chances of getting employed if your CV has even one spelling or grammatical mistake. You can also take professional help from a CV writer in order to increase your chances of getting employed. The difference between a CV and a resume is that a CV is a detailed synopsis of all your research and teachings and while a resume only has basic information. It is extremely important to pay heed to the difference between a CV and a resume.

Applying by sending CV to recruiters is the first and foremost step that you must undergo in order to get yourself employed. You must thus make sure that you do everything right in order to acquire an edge over other job application candidates. You must be as professional as possible in order to get your dream job and get your awesome career kick started. If your CV is good employers will prefer you over others.

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg

Source by Aman Tumukur Khanna

You Can Make Money Online by Learning to Write SEO Articles

Modern technology has innovated ways to make money — some work in offices from eight to five; businessmen offer different merchandise to make money. Online marketers utilize the Internet so they earn income. The Internet has a lot to offer especially opportunities to make money – you just need to understand how it is done. You can even get more than what regular wage earners do.

One way to make money online is by writing various types of articles. You can work as a freelance writer and be a blogger and article marketer at the same time. Perhaps you will specialize in writing e-books for people. Internet marketers normally outsource their writing jobs to professional online writers to obtain the results they need. It is easier this way as they only get the finished output from the writer and pay them for the services. And these articles usually promote the products and services offered in their website.

Freelance writing requires a number of articles a day. It can be really tedious if you have lots to do, but it is also rewarding as well if you finish everything. There one form of writing style where use your own freehand. It is blogging which includes writing any topic you can think of. You can also write something about Internet marketing. You actually own your article and hope that many readers get interested in it. How you make money through these blogs is through promoting an affiliate product where you possibly earn commissions; or you can simply add advertisement that makes people click on the link. So long as your blog stays online, it can generate income. Blogging may be done by subscribing to blogging sites which are usually offered free.

Be prepared when you work as a freelance writer. This is because you will be writing different types of articles for a certain client. Articles usually include contents for blogs or web pages. And your clients can even ask you to write reviews and press releases which give emphasis on the products they sell especially if these have been newly launched. Internet marketers provide instructions and keywords on how writers should create the articles. Articles should be original content and free from errors. Information should be accurate and relevant to the needs of online users. Typically, writers are paid in different rates depending on their writing skills and word count.

Article marketing is another way to write articles and get paid. Instead of being paid on a one-time basis for writing articles, you promote affiliate products and get paid as an affiliate. What you usually write here are descriptive articles and reviews about specific products where you are an affiliate. As you directly submit the contents to free article or social media sites, you are responsible for keeping track of purchases made by consumers where you earn commissions from the sales.

You may also opt to write e-books which may inform readers about certain topics. This does not necessarily come in printed form but they are usually offered through websites. You can easily make money online through writing articles, but it takes a lot of effort to come up with brilliant ideas.

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg

Source by Rita Fe Dalangpan Gamutan

Get All the Sports Breaking News Online

Are you an avid soccer fan? Or perhaps golf is your sport? Want to stay updated with the latest cricketing news from around the world? Irrespective of the particular sport you are interested in, the internet offers you the opportunity to stay updated with the latest breaking news for your favorite sports as it happens.

The internet is a fascinating medium of communication to say the least. With technological advancements taking place all around us, people now have access to the internet practically everywhere. Every building is equipped with Wi-Fi broadband and even otherwise we can easily access the internet with our mobile phones from anywhere and at any time. This makes the internet an excellent platform to use especially when it comes to keeping up with the latest happenings in your favorite sports.

There are many websites on the internet dedicated to provide news for a particular sport. If however, you follow more than one sport then the best way to keep yourself updated is to follow the sports section of a leading news blogs. In such cases you will be able to find a vast array of breaking news on a variety of different sports. This will save you time and effort while keeping you informed of the latest developments from around the world.

Some news blogs even offer live updates of matches going on at the moment. For instance you will be able to get ball by ball updates of a cricket match or the updated score during a soccer match of your interest. In many cases you can even sub scribe to the RSS feed for your favorite sports news and get an instant alert the moment some newsworthy event breaks.

Apart from keeping you updated on your favorite sports breaking news, these blogs also offer valuable insight into the sports in the form of articles, blog posts, videos and even original sports programs. If you are an avid follower of a particular sport then you will surely enjoy the opportunity to get all this extra information and gossip surrounding the sport.

Another interesting opportunity granted to sports enthusiasts by these online news blogs is the option to vent out your anger or express your joy over the latest performance of their favorite teams in the form of comments on articles, statistics and latest news. We all know how emotional sports fans can get and the opportunity to express your feelings as your read the news is just priceless. By the way, these news blogs are also priceless to access. In other words, they are totally free! You don’t have to pay a dime to stay up to date with the breaking news on your favorite sport.

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg

Source by Shehryaar Shaukat

What Are the Part Time Jobs for Retirees Online?

Retirement has a lot of benefits. You can get the basic state pension, cold weather payment, and winter fuel payment. You are even entitled to budgeting loans, crisis loans, funeral payments, and many other benefits. But, sometimes, these benefits are not enough so you ask, what are the part time jobs for retirees online?

Well, here are the top 10 online jobs for retirees:

Freelance Writer

This job is best for those who have writing background. So, if you have a background in freelance writing, you can try this gig. You can write about various topics such as crafts, marketing, personal development, and business. You can even write recipes.

This job will allow you to earn a little bit of money and still stay in control of your time. It’s quite fun, too. You can find writing jobs on various freelancing sites such as Odesk and Elance. You can also get in touch with the people behind writerfind.com, freelancewriting.com, and writersmarket.com.

Aside from writing, you can also get a job as a proof-reader. A proof-reader can earn from $10 to $20 per hour. You can find proof-reading jobs through cactusglobal.com and firstediting.com.

Virtual Assistant

This job is quite easy and it pays well, too. A virtual assistant has a lot of responsibilities, including:

Manage the customer’s accounts and spreadsheets.

Prepare emails.

Send newsletters.

Handle client’s email inquiries.

Answer phone calls.

Manage and update website content.

Transcription of phone calls or recorded interviews.

Schedule management

Online research

Payroll tasks

Preparation of invoice

Checking of emails

This job is perfect for retirees who have excellent organizational and time management skills. This job will allow you to earn money and still spend a lot of time with your family.


If you have a background in bookkeeping, this job is perfect for you. This part-time job will allow you to showcase your accounting and numerical skills. At the same time, this job allows you to work at your own time.


Part time telemarketers earn from $8 to $15 dollars per hour. This is a good gig if you want to earn a little extra. You can find telemarketing jobs at various freelancing sites like Elance or Odesk. You can also find various telemarketer jobs in websites such as alpineaccess.com, arise.com, workingsolutions.com, and liveops.com.

Online Juror

This job is for those who have a background in law. Online companies like Jury Test, OnlineVerdict, and eJury hire people to sit as mock jurors. You’ll be more like a member of a focus discussion group.

A lawyer will post a case on the website and then you’ll write your own verdict or review based on the evidence and arguments presented. You can complete this task in thirty minutes to one hour depending on the length and sophistication of the case materials. You could get paid from ten dollars to a hundred dollars per case.

Online Tutor

Online tutoring is becoming more and more popular nowadays. This job will allow you to teach a variety of courses including physics, biology, world history, languages, science, and math. You can also help students prepare for exams such as GED, SAT, and GRE.

There are a number of online tutoring jobs online. In fact, you can find online tutoring jobs on craigslist.com, tutor.com, elance.com, fiverr.com, rarejob.com, and tutorvista.com.

Data Entry Jobs

This job may not be sophisticated or glamorous, but it pays the bills. You can find a lot of data entry jobs at TDEC, Capital Typing, and Virtual Bee. You can even find a number of data entry jobs in various freelancing websites such as freelancer.com, odesk.com, and elance.com.

Take Surveys

You can earn a decent amount of money taking surveys. This job is extremely easy and it is stress-free. It also has a lot of perks like it gives you access to limited shopping coupons.


You can take advantage of this job opportunity if you’re bilingual. You can find various document translation jobs in the following websites:





Online Selling

You can also make money by selling things online. You can sell pre-loved items or you can sell various retail items such as clothes, shoes, and sporting accessories in various online marketplaces such as Amazon and eBay.

If you’re wondering what are the part time jobs for retirees online, well, there are a lot of options to choose from. You just have to go for the one that fits your skill set, interests, and schedule.

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg

Source by Anthony Dee

Installing Laminate Flooring – Girls Do It!

More women homeowners mean more women do-it-yourselfers–and more women laying laminate flooring than ever before. And why not? Laminate installation is an ideal project for the weekend home warrior, male or female. If you know how to measure and handle power tools you’ll get along just fine.

The hardware market is finally catching on to the fact that their female clients require something a little different from the guys. Companies such as Tomboy Tools and Girlgear Industries are designing and marketing work-gear for the female form. Think ergonomically correct weights, grips and tool-belts for women workers–what a concept!

As for information–let’s face it–women are far more likely to ask for and read directions than their male counterparts. And there’s plenty of information available on laminate installation if you’re looking. Start with the manufacturer’s instructions, talk to your flooring retailer, look it up on the Internet, or download an instructional video. Research to your heart’s content–you’ll save a substantive amount of money and gain classic, affordable flooring by doing it yourself.

Tools you’ll need to do the job include a hammer, end pry bar, pencil, t-bar, measuring tape, workbench, tapping block, spacers, broom, handsaw, jig-saw, skill-saw, tape or a staple gun and utility knife. Acclimatize the laminate at the job site 48 hours prior to installation and keep the room temperature at a minimum of 65F or 18C. Read the manufacturer’s instructions and use these as your first point of reference. Undercut the doorways and use a 2-in-1 sound vapor barrier as an underlay.

Make sure your starting wall is straight. If it’s a new home, you can usually rely on the outside wall of a room to be straight, though using a chalk line to verify it is wise. If the starting wall isn’t straight you’ll need to scribe the tongue side of the laminate length facing the wall to provide a straight base for the rest of the floor.

Immobilienmakler Heidelberg

Makler Heidelberg

Source by Marion Taylor

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