All About Freelance Public Relations Jobs

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Public relations is an involved field of work for freelance writers. Freelance public relations usually entails writing reports, designing presentations, putting together ad campaigns, creating press releases, writing speeches, coaching, informing employees/clients/regulatory agencies about what’s going on at the office, and so on.

In short, if you want to freelance as public relations writer, you need a diverse set of skills. This includes exceptional writing ability, a knack for marketing, superior computer skills (with knowledge of presentation and desktop publishing software), and exceptional customer service.

If you don’t have these skills, you can probably outsource some of your work. However, hiring others to do your job for you will seriously dwindle your profits.

Who offers freelance public relations jobs?

Every publicly traded company needs PR people, including many private businesses. Marketing and communications firms are popular examples. In addition, government and non-profit organizations always seek the services of freelance PR pros. Museums, charities, and hospitals are just a few examples that encompass the endless list of organizations needing someone to handle their public relations.

To find public relations jobs, check out employment sites like workopolis.com and Yahoo! HotJobs. It’s also smart to sign up with websites like workinpr.com that specialize in connecting PR jobseekers with employers.

Don’t forget to check out websites like IFreelance and Guru. These freelance job auction sites allow you to bid on projects that suit your timeline, scope of abilities, and desired income level.

How much money can I make in freelance public relations?

That depends on the PR work that you’re doing. Freelance public relations encompass many “sub-jobs,” and consequently, each client will have different tasks that he or she wants you to oversee. A PR client may hire you to do everything from employee newsletters to nationwide marketing campaigns; or the client may hire you to type, copyedit, and proofread press releases. You and your client will have to agree on the list of expectations.

If you’re a jack-of-all-trades public relations writer, then don’t charge less than $40 an hour. If your client wants you to charge by project (which is more common for large PR campaigns), estimate the number of hours you will need and then multiply it by your hourly rate. As your list of happy PR clients grows, you may want to charge more. Many PR freelancers make $150 an hour and up.

In public relations, it is also common to charge by the day. PR professionals usually charge in the range of $300 to $1000 per day or more.

How do I properly respond to a public relations job ad?

Again, it depends on the work the client wants you to do. It also depends on the company it is. If a kids’ soccer league were looking for a PR freelancer, you’d hope to quote them a far smaller fee than you would an oil and gas company!

To ensure you create the best response possible, follow these guidelines:

1. Identify yourself as an extremely capable and professional PR freelancer.

2. Assure the client that you can handle each of the items he or she listed in the ad.

3. Mention how satisfied your previous clients have been with your work.

It’s obviously much easier to get this complex job with prior experience. However, if you don’t have previous PR clients, remember that any job experience with any required job skill is useful. For example, you may have written website content before. It’s not PR experience technically, but it shows you can handle that aspect of the job.

Sample ad

Below is a sample ad for a public relations freelance writer. What would you include in your response?

We are a mid-sized software company that needs a public relations specialist to add energy to our existing ad campaigns. We want to be well positioned within our market to reach out to new customers and generate more sales. You will rewrite our marketing material, design slideshows, and create two press releases per month about our products.

First, let the advertiser know you’re enthusiastic about this job opportunity. The company is looking for someone to reenergize their marketing efforts, so you should convey yourself as an energetic, dynamic person.

Second, address their task list. If you have relevant experience and satisfied past clients, discuss it here. If not, focus on how solid your skills are.

That’s all there is to it! Getting the client excited about your abilities is the key to success in public relations.

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Writing For Textbroker: Is it a Scam?

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When starting a freelance writing career online, the beginning of the process can be very confusing. You might spend a few days asking yourself these questions: Which sites are reputable? What sites pay the most? Am I wasting my time?

There are many reputable sites to work for online. Look for sites who ask you to apply and send in a sample of your work. They will usually get back to you in a day or two. If you are approved, be sure to read the FAQ of the site so that you will know the basics and how much you will be getting paid per article. You will also need to note how long your articles need to be and other qualifications that you might need to have.

Sometimes it’s hard to find sites who are reputable and freelancers are always sharing information as to which sites are good and which ones are scams. I have been asked at my website many times over the last few months if Textbroker.com was a reputable freelance writing company to work for. Is textbroker a scam? I can answer that question from experience. No, it text broker is not a scam. When you send in your writing sample, you will be given a ranking from 1-5 from the team at textbroker. The lower the ranking, the lower your pay per article will be.

Once you are accepted and ranked, you may log into the site to view available articles that are in your ranking and the rankings below yours. You can choose one article to write and then cannot choose another one until you have submitted the first. The articles are listed by category, so you can see which ones you might be interested in. Once you click on an article, you will get more detailed information from the client, such as which keywords to use and how many words the article needs to be.

Once you submit your article, it is sent to the client for approval. The client may do one of three things. They can reject the article outright. They can email you for a revision. They can accept the article. Once your article has been accepted by the client, you will see the payment show up in your textbroker account.

Textbroker will then pay you by paypal once your account has reached $10.00. This usually does not take very long to achieve. Each article that is accepted is given a ranking by textbroker. Then, your article rankings are averaged and you will be given a new ranking. As your rankings improve, so does your pay scale. Textbroker is not a scam. They pay in a timely manner and there is plenty of work in the assignments area.

If you are looking for other freelance writing sites that will pay you to submit articles, you should visit The Green Ninja at http://www.thegreenninja.org to read about other sites such as eHow, Demand Studios, Bukisa, Today.com and more. There is a wealth of information about getting your articles published and putting money in your pocket.

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Grant Writing Jobs – A High Demand Writing Career

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If you love to write, are highly organized, and enjoy working for a good cause, grant writing may be the perfect career for you. With more than 1.5 million nonprofits and thousands more organizations depending on grants in the United States alone, grant writers are in high demand.

What Do Grant Writers Do?

Grant writers are an integral part of the development or fundraising field. The term “grant writer” is a bit of a misnomer since grant writers actually write proposals to get grants. Writing is just one part of the their job. They also help develop programs, research potential funders, and draft reports and letters to donors. Grant professionals come from a variety of backgrounds, including social workers, English majors and scientists. The most successful share the following skills and traits:

  • Persuasive and Creative Writing Skills – ability to “sell” a program or project
  • Ability to Work Well With Others – able to collaborate with other staff on program/project development
  • Grace Under Pressure – ability to meet tight deadlines and manage multiple projects
  • An Eye for Detail – ability to decipher complicated instructions and grant guidelines

Where Do Grant Writers Work?

Grant writers work for a variety of different organizations, either as employees or freelance consultants. Nonprofit organizations employ the majority of grant writers. These include social service organizations, museums and arts organizations, environmental and animal welfare organizations, and more. Professionals in this field also work for schools, colleges and universities, and government agencies.

What is a Typical Day Like?

A typical day on the job varies dramatically depending on the size of the organization and the scope of the position. Grant writers who work at larger organizations are usually “specialists” while those working at smaller organizations are “generalists.” The majority of grant writing jobs fall into the latter category, where you will not only be responsible for drafting proposals but will also be charged with researching donors and managing grants that have been awarded. The typical duties of a generalist are:

  • Finding the Money – conducting research on potential donors
  • Developing the Programs – working with staff to develop fundable programs
  • Writing the Grant Proposal – developing a detailed, written plan of action
  • Managing the Grant – ensuring that program/project is being conducted as promised
  • Other Duties as Assigned – maintaining grant calendar and writing acknowledgments

How Much Money Do They Make?

The salary range for a Grant/Proposal Writer in the United States in 2009 was $41,590-$68,497, with a median salary of $51,967 (Salary.com). Those who work as independent contractors usually make a higher hourly wage than those who work full-time for nonprofits or government agencies. This rate varies dramatically, ranging from $40 to $100 an hour depending on level of experience.

How Do I Get Trained for the Field?

There is no specific college degree in grant writing. The vast majority of professional grant writers have a minimum of a bachelor’s degree from a college or university with a major in English, the social sciences, liberal arts, science, or social work. Majors with coursework that emphasizes writing and research provide a good foundation for the career. While books and Internet resources on grant writing are available, if you are serious about the field, classes and workshops conducted by experienced grant professionals will provide a more comprehensive overview of writing grants. Many include hands-on exercises including working on actual grant proposals. This training is crucial to landing internships and jobs in the field.

Are Grant Writers in Demand?

The job outlook is very good, especially in today’s difficult economy. Now more than ever, nonprofit organizations rely heavily on private grant dollars to support their programs and services. Grants from foundations, corporations, and organizations are crucial to keep programs running, and grant writers are needed for their expertise in securing these funds.

Conclusion

Grant writing is a field of professional writing where you can make a steady and lucrative living as a writer. Job opportunities are available with nonprofit organizations, schools, colleges and universities, government agencies, or as a freelance contractor.

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Contemporary women writers in English

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Contemporary women writers of   Indian writing in English

              Professor Dr.S.Elangovan,
P.T.Lee Chengalvaraya Naicker Engineering College,

Oovery. Tamil Nadu State, India. 2009 

Abstract: This paper gives insights into each “modus operandi” adopted   by some of  the women luminaries of  Indian writing in English. Their mission and vision of their writing career, the   influences with which they write, the message they want to convey to the readers are all to some extent analyzed. 

What   is so evident among  Indian women writers 

One  evident trait among all the contemporary women writers in  Indian writing in English is the  revolutionary spirit with which they strive to write. In some of the works by Arundati Roy, simply it is an explosion of the  pent- up feelings , which has long been gathering. 

 Tool for  Social  Justice: In the  deft hands of strong willed writers like Ashapurna Devi, writing  serves as a platform for social service. She has served the society through her virulent writings. She can be suitably called the Linguistic Dictator of Bengal. Asha Purna Debi’s burning flame of passion to serve the under privileged through her chosen medium is something rare. 

Common Characters seen   every day The secret behind the success of novels written by contemporary women writers is  their simple and life –like characters. They  usually hail from middle class families. This is   one of the techniques  the author employs to  make  the readers deeply involve and  subsequently the novels become quite absorbing and interesting. Similarly  Manju Kapur’s ‘Home’ revolves around a large  typical Indian Joint Family. 

Accent on female characters: Though Indian women writers, wax eloquence on all  aspects of the flaws and felicity of characters both male and female, the main thrust is  on female characters. They will   evoke  sometimes sympathy or sorrow, sometimes they outshine even male characters in  intelligence. 

Understanding of the psyche of the characters: Cotemporary women writers like Manju Kapur, are  considered to be Post Graduate students in the university of life. Through their character, they speak, They admit sometimes the faults and foilbles of the feminine gender.  In her novel, “ Home” Banvarilal’s daughters are selfish and their  husbands lethargic. In  spite of Sona’s wealthy  circumstances in “Home” she is without a child for ten  bitter years of   Married life. And her sister ‘Rupa’  in spite of her plain, not so  stunning look . She was blessed with more happiness than her rich sister  sona. 

Didactic   technique employed by Shoba De: Shoba De in her book “Spouse” reveals , the truth about  marriage and  intends to teach about the fine values of married life, and  moral obligations expected  of each spouse,  children and in-laws. De analyses thread bare the sacred institution of marriage that has been prevalent   for the 40 years. What was the   significance   of marriage then,   what is is now, what it  will be in future are well discussed  with it’s pros and  cons. 

  1. In her book “Spouse” the truth about marriage, gives a peace of suggestion at the tail end of   each chapter. Apart from exhorting the readers the   lofty ideals of married life apart from serving sort of succinct summary  of each chapter. The reader can choose a particular  quote dealing with a  specific aspect or problem in the married life and can read that chosen chapter as remedy. Shobha De with élan portrays the institution of  marriage realistically. 

Manju Kapur’s deft handling of   humor 

 Nisha, the daughter of  Sona the closing chapters steals the lime light. Her plights in the hands of her uncle who incestuously abused her  and her unfulfilled, and  jilted love affairs with a low caste boy, when she was a student of  English Literature in a University are really elements that would constitute next  door neighbors story. Manju Kapur is equally good in employing comedy to give respite from the otherwise  harshness of the plot. In this sense she is comparable  to a degree to Jane Austen. 

Sometimes she makes   fun of the middle class house wives, who are obsessed with making her unmarried daughters to undertake hunger fasting for  the wellbeing of their future husbands.

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How to Learn Transcription in Five Easy Steps

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In today’s economy, many people want to learn transcription so they can get work to do from home either on a part-time basis to supplement a full-time income, or as a primary source of income on a stay-at-home basis. Whatever your situation or reason for wanting to learn how to do general transcription, learning how to transcribe from audio files is pretty easy. And getting proficient with it only takes time and practice.

This article will talk about the field of general transcription because that’s the fastest type of transcription to get started in. You don’t have to take any special classes and there are no certification programs for a general transcriptionist. You can get work from just about any business or academic field out there, except medical or legal where courses and certifications are most likely required.

And once you learn transcription, the door opens to a nice way to make some extra money or even launch your own general transcription business and be your own boss!

So how do you learn transcription? You do need to know your way around a computer, how to download files and use a word processing program. After that, you just need to follow these five easy steps and you’ll be on your way:

  1. Download Express Scribe at nch.com.au. Express Scribe is the most widely used software program today for turning your computer into a digital transcriber unit.
  2. Download Audacity at audacity.sourceforge.net. Audacity is one of the easiest and most often used audio recording and editing software available today. You may find webcasts and podcasts that you will have to record yourself online in order to use them to practice.
  3. Get yourself a good noise-canceling headset and computer foot pedal. These are necessary tools if you want better speed and accuracy.
  4. Download or record audio files to practice with. To find webcasts and podcasts to practice with, simply do a Google search for Business Webcasts or Business Podcasts and locate some directories where you can download the audio files or record them. You want to make sure you pick a wide range of subjects to practice with and a wide range of formats. General transcription work comes from all over – individuals, students, companies, other small business owners; the field is pretty much wide open and so your practice files should be too.
  5. Practice, practice, practice. This is all it takes to learn transcription. Start timing yourself to see how long it takes you to transcribe a 15 minute audio file, then a 30 minute audio file. The industry standard for transcription is four hours of typing to one hour of audio. Getting to the industry standard takes a lot of practice and you can only get faster the more you do it.

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How to become a professional writer

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A person who sings is a singer, a person who teaches is a teacher, a person who drives is a driver, etc. What about a person who writes? A writer? Almost everyone would have written one thing or the other in the course of his or her lifetime, even the illiterate ones. Does that make every Tom, Dick and Harry a writer? If not, who then is a writer?

According to the free online encyclopaedia, Wikipedia, a writer is anyone who creates a written work, though the word usually designates those who write creatively or professionally, as well as those who have written in many different forms (“Writing,” 2009). A writer who has a touch of professionalism and makes a living from his writings is considered a professional writer.

Becoming a professional writer needs no special skill or training. Anybody from anywhere can venture into professional writing and succeed in it. The most important thing is the diligence and determination of the person involved. This is essential because to make something out of writing, the person has to be convinced that success is sure. Once this is on ground, all other necessary general skills would be acquired. Another interesting thing is the fact that the person learns while he writes.

In addition, other things that characterize the work of professional writers include ability to write in clear and simple language, and at the same time providing a lucid explanation of the subject matter. The writer, with the chosen writing style, must be able to communicate easily and give a pictorial description of the subject being discussed in such a way that will create a vivid mental image in the minds of the readers.  A good professional writer must be empirical and proficient in the use of rhetoric.

However, a professional writer must avoid copying the works and ideas of others and claiming it as original. This is known as plagiarism. But at times, quoting other people’s words and works may lend credence and authority to the person’s writing. In this case, the quotations have to be used with carefulness. Including too many quotations in a particular document, or quoting a poorly written or confusing article may weaken the overall quality and impact of the writer’s work. In other words, the writer’s work must be unique and original.

Professional writing can be in different forms (including but not limited to) music, prose and poetry. Accordingly, a writer in specialist mode may rank as a poet, novelist, copywriter, composer, lyricist, playwright, journalist, screenwriter for film or television, etc (“Writing,” 2009).

Benefits of professional writing are numerous to mention. Professional writers make money from the sales of their published articles. This is achieved through the use of two major platforms – the print media such as magazines, newspapers, books, etc, or the emerging online media, the internet. Also, writing brings along a sense of pleasure and satisfaction. Writing is a delightful experience that allows the exploration of the writer’s imagination, and, at the same time, development of the writer’s intellectual prowess. In short, writing goes hand-in-hand with reading, and so is good for academic excellence.

A wise man once said, “You can only take a horse to the river, you cannot force it to drink.” Becoming a professional writer is not a one-day job, but with constant practice coupled with persistence, perfection is achieved.  And along with it comes the remunerations attached.

List of References

Writing. (2009). Wikipedia, the free encyclopaedia. Retrieved July 10, 2009, from http://wikipedia.com

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Stress Management – Medical Risks of Stress

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What is Stress?

Stress may be defined as the three-way relationship between demands on people, our feelings about those demands and our ability to cope with them. Stress is most likely to occur in situations where:

1. Demands are high.

2. The amount of control we have is low.

3. There is limited support or help available for us.

Who is Affected Most by Stress?

Virtually all people experience stressful events or situations that overwhelm our natural coping mechanisms. And although some people are biologically prone to stress, many outside factors influence susceptibility as well.

Studies indicate that some people are more vulnerable to the effects of stress than others. Older adults; women in general, especially working mothers and pregnant women; less-educated people; divorced or widowed people; people experiencing financial strains such as long-term unemployment; people who are the targets of discrimination; uninsured and underinsured people; and people who simply live in cities all seem to be particularly susceptible to health-related stress problems.

People who are less emotionally stable or have high anxiety levels tend to experience certain events as more stressful than healthy people do. And the lack of an established network of family and friends predisposes us to stress-related health problems such as heart disease and infections. Caregivers, children and medical professionals are also frequently found to be at higher risk for stress-related disorders.

Job-related stress is particularly likely to be chronic because it is such a large part of life. Stress reduces a worker’s effectiveness by impairing concentration, causing sleeplessness and increasing the risk of illness, back problems, accidents and lost time. At its worst extremes, stress that places a burden on our hearts and circulation can often be fatal. The Japanese have a word for sudden death due to overwork: karoushi.

Medical Affects of Chronic Stress

The stress response of the body is like an airplane readying for take-off. Virtually all systems, such as the heart and blood vessels, the immune system, the lungs, the digestive system, the sensory organs, and the brain are modified to meet the perceived danger.

A stress-filled life really seems to raise the odds of heart disease and stroke down the road. Researchers have found that after middle-age, those who report chronic stress face a somewhat higher risk of fatal or non-fatal heart disease or stroke over the years. It is now believed that constant stress takes its toll on our arteries, causing chronically high levels of stress hormones and pushing people to maintain unhealthy habits like smoking.

Stressed-out men are twice as likely as their peers to die of a stroke. There are weaker such findings among women, which is likely due to the fairly low number of heart disease and stroke cases among women, rather than a resistance to the health effects of chronic stress. Women seem slightly more susceptible to the effects of stress than men.

Simply put, too much stress puts you at dire risk for health problems. Whether it comes from one event or the buildup of many small events, stress causes major physical alterations that often lead to health problems. Here is a list of some of these changes:

• Our heart rates increase, to move blood to our muscles and brains.

• Our blood pressures go up.

• Our breathing rates increase.

• Our digestion slows down.

• Our perspiration increases.

• We feel a rush of strength at first, but over time stress makes us feel weak.

These reactions helped our ancestors survive threats by preparing for either “fight or flight.” Today, our bodies still react the same way, but the events that cause stress do not require this ancient mechanism.

Stress can also greatly raise our risk of:

• Ulcers and digestive disorders

• Headaches

• Migraine headaches

• Backaches

• Depression

• Suicide

• High blood pressure

• Stroke

• Heart attack

• Alcohol and drug dependencies

• Allergies and skin diseases

• Cancer

• Asthma

• Depressed immune system

• More colds and infections

We have to learn ways to relieve stress, because when it goes on for very long or happens too often, it obviously can cause many serious health problems.

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Deferred Rent – Debits and Credits

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Deferred Rent

What is it?

The simplest way to understand deferred rent is to think of an example. Let’s say you started a business and the first thing you did was sign a five-year lease for office space. In an effort to sign you as a tenant, the landlord (aka “lessor”) offers you lower rent payments in the first year that “escalate” (i.e. go up) as the years progress. To keep it simple, let’s say the rent schedule is this:

Year 1: $1,000 / month = $12,000 / year
Year 2: $1,250 / month = $15,000 / year
Year 3: $1,500 / month = $18,000 / year
Year 4: $1,750 / month = $21,000 / year
Year 5: $2,000 / month = $24,000 / year

These amounts represent the actual cash that you will be paying each month. When booking the journal entries for this, this will be the credit (either to cash or a payable). The question is what is the debit?

ASC section 840-20-25-1 states the following:

Rent shall be charged to expense by lessees (reported as income by lessors) over the lease term as it becomes payable (receivable). If rental payments are not made on a straight-line basis, rental expense nevertheless shall be recognized on a straight-line basis unless another systematic and rational basis is more representative of the time pattern in which use benefit is derived from the leased property, in which case that basis shall be used.

You see, the FASB requires that rental expense be “recognized on a straight-line basis.” This means that the same amount of expense must be recognized each month, regardless of the actual rent payment during the month. Let’s calculate our monthly rent expense.

From the table above, we can easily compute that the total rent paid over the course of the lease is $90,000. ($12k +$15k + $18k + $21k + $24k). This figure, divided by the total months in the lease (60), gives us out straight-line rent expense:

Total Rent / Total Periods = Straight-Line Rent Expense per period

$90,000 / 60 months = $1,500 / month = $18,000 per year.

We now have the debit in our journal entry.

With a debit to expense for one amount and a credit to cash for another amount, the plug goes to deferred rent. Depending on the payment schedule, deferred rent can either be an asset or a liability.

In the case of a lease with increasing payments each year, as in our example, deferred rent is a liability. The liability balance builds through the first two years when the expense exceeds the cash payments, levels off during year 3 when these amounts are equal, and then drops down to zero over the course of the final two years when rent expense is less than the rent payments. The journal entries for each year are as follows:

Journal Entries – Year 1

Dr. Rent expense 1,500
Cr. Deferred rent 500
Cr. Cash 1,000

Journal Entries – Year 2

Dr. Rent expense 1,500
Cr. Deferred rent 250
Cr. Cash 1,250

Journal Entries – Year 3

Dr. Rent expense 1,500
Cr. Cash 1,500

Journal Entries – Year 4

Dr. Rent expense 1,500
Dr. Deferred rent 250
Cr. Cash 1,750

Journal Entries – Year 5

Dr. Rent expense 1,500
Dr. Deferred rent 500
Cr. Cash 1,750

Here is the monthly deferred rent liability balance over the course of the lease:

http://big4guru.com/defrent.jpg

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Stress Management – Medical Risks of Stress

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What is Stress?

Stress may be defined as the three-way relationship between demands on people, our feelings about those demands and our ability to cope with them. Stress is most likely to occur in situations where:

1. Demands are high.

2. The amount of control we have is low.

3. There is limited support or help available for us.

Who is Affected Most by Stress?

Virtually all people experience stressful events or situations that overwhelm our natural coping mechanisms. And although some people are biologically prone to stress, many outside factors influence susceptibility as well.

Studies indicate that some people are more vulnerable to the effects of stress than others. Older adults; women in general, especially working mothers and pregnant women; less-educated people; divorced or widowed people; people experiencing financial strains such as long-term unemployment; people who are the targets of discrimination; uninsured and underinsured people; and people who simply live in cities all seem to be particularly susceptible to health-related stress problems.

People who are less emotionally stable or have high anxiety levels tend to experience certain events as more stressful than healthy people do. And the lack of an established network of family and friends predisposes us to stress-related health problems such as heart disease and infections. Caregivers, children and medical professionals are also frequently found to be at higher risk for stress-related disorders.

Job-related stress is particularly likely to be chronic because it is such a large part of life. Stress reduces a worker’s effectiveness by impairing concentration, causing sleeplessness and increasing the risk of illness, back problems, accidents and lost time. At its worst extremes, stress that places a burden on our hearts and circulation can often be fatal. The Japanese have a word for sudden death due to overwork: karoushi.

Medical Affects of Chronic Stress

The stress response of the body is like an airplane readying for take-off. Virtually all systems, such as the heart and blood vessels, the immune system, the lungs, the digestive system, the sensory organs, and the brain are modified to meet the perceived danger.

A stress-filled life really seems to raise the odds of heart disease and stroke down the road. Researchers have found that after middle-age, those who report chronic stress face a somewhat higher risk of fatal or non-fatal heart disease or stroke over the years. It is now believed that constant stress takes its toll on our arteries, causing chronically high levels of stress hormones and pushing people to maintain unhealthy habits like smoking.

Stressed-out men are twice as likely as their peers to die of a stroke. There are weaker such findings among women, which is likely due to the fairly low number of heart disease and stroke cases among women, rather than a resistance to the health effects of chronic stress. Women seem slightly more susceptible to the effects of stress than men.

Simply put, too much stress puts you at dire risk for health problems. Whether it comes from one event or the buildup of many small events, stress causes major physical alterations that often lead to health problems. Here is a list of some of these changes:

• Our heart rates increase, to move blood to our muscles and brains.

• Our blood pressures go up.

• Our breathing rates increase.

• Our digestion slows down.

• Our perspiration increases.

• We feel a rush of strength at first, but over time stress makes us feel weak.

These reactions helped our ancestors survive threats by preparing for either “fight or flight.” Today, our bodies still react the same way, but the events that cause stress do not require this ancient mechanism.

Stress can also greatly raise our risk of:

• Ulcers and digestive disorders

• Headaches

• Migraine headaches

• Backaches

• Depression

• Suicide

• High blood pressure

• Stroke

• Heart attack

• Alcohol and drug dependencies

• Allergies and skin diseases

• Cancer

• Asthma

• Depressed immune system

• More colds and infections

We have to learn ways to relieve stress, because when it goes on for very long or happens too often, it obviously can cause many serious health problems.

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Source by Karen S Cole

5 Types of Article You Can Write

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If you always write the same type of article then you are
probably limiting your chances of getting published. Look at
your favorite publications and you will see they print a variety
of types of article. Here are five of the most popular types.

The ‘How To’ Article

This is a very popular type of article, in which you tell the
reader how to do something. It could be how to build a garage,
how to write a book, how to sell a house, or how to clean tar
off a pair of trousers. These articles tend to be particularly
popular because people love to find out how to do something.

When writing how to do something, and if the sequence is
important, then it is a good idea to number each step. Remember
to keep your instructions simple, yet specific. And you could
even use a picture or illustration if the publication allows it.

The ‘List’ Article

The list article is an article that lists several related pieces
of information, and is one of the easiest types of article to
write. It could be “10 Ways To Save Money”, “5 Flowers to Plant
In April”, or “The Best 12 Places To Live In Canada”. A list
article should have:

• An introduction. • The list; each item may be a paragraph or
two. • A conclusion.

The ‘Roundup’ Article

In the roundup article, you provide a roundup of information,
statements, or opinions from a variety of sources. You might
interview a number of experts, for example, and ask them the
same list of questions. In your article you then write a roundup
of the answers, e.g.

“Bill Jones, CEO of SHJ Limited, is confident that the market
will turn around soon. “Within the next six weeks at most”, he
predicted. But Tom Sloane, at Pickwick Associates, disagrees. He
explains why…”

The ‘Inspirational’ Article

Inspiration articles include inspirational narrative, essays,
articles on faith and religion, and self-help articles.

Do you know of an issue or concern that affects many people?
Think of your own every day experiences. Write about the issue…
and help the readers to deal with life and to improve themselves
in some way.

The ‘As Told To’ Article

Because many of the people who have outstanding experiences are
not writers, there is a market for writing those people’s
stories. This is quite similar to ghostwriting, except that in
this case the audience knows that you are the writer. In the
credits, you would show “By Peter Wallace [subject]as told to
Jim Davies…” [writer].

Instead of writing a third-person narrative of the event, the
‘As Told To’ article makes the tale more real and personal by
using the first-person.

So next time you are about to write an article, pause… and ask
which type of article would best suit your situation and topic.
By varying the types of articles you write your writing will
also develop a new depth and your articles will be picked up by
a much wider variety of publications

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Source by David Goldsmith