The Origins of Restricting Food and Liquids During Labor

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The restriction of food and liquids for laboring women was first implemented more than a half-century ago when women often gave birth under general anesthesia. Since vomiting while under general anesthesia can result in the aspiration of the stomach contents into the lungs, leading to serious breathing difficulties and even death, the medical practice of the time was to reduce the risk of aspiration by drastically limiting a woman’s intake during, often allowing only ice chips or sucking on a wet wash cloth to relieve oral dryness. However, the majority of women are no longer delivered under general anesthesia. And, for those women who do require the services of an anesthesiologist, the techniques surrounding the delivery of anesthesia have improved to the point that aspiration is rarely an issue even during a caesarian delivery. Still, the tradition of restricting food and liquids during labor and delivery remains.

Most frequently, whether or not a woman is encouraged, or even permitted, to eat and drink during labor is at the discretion of her health care team. And it is that team’s association and knowledge of labor practices that often determines their viewpoint regarding restricting or permitting a laboring woman to eat and drink. There are two predominating schools of thought; namely, those who believe that nourishment during labor is essential for the sustained health of the labor mother and child, and those who assert that eating and drinking during labor can lead to surgical complications. Currently, The American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) recommend that only clear liquids be given to women during labor. They further recommend that this practice be limited to low-risk women. Interestingly, the restriction of this policy to laboring mothers thought to be low-risk may be one reason why high-risk women are subject to medical intervention. Midwives frequently recommend that laboring mothers be encouraged to eat light snacks and liquids to ensure that they maintain their energy during long labors. The Society of Obstetricians and Gynecologists of Canada believes that a woman should be permitted a light diet during labor, and other respected sources believe that, as long as the foods and liquids consumed during labor are light and are not likely to cause nausea, such as heavy foods and juices, they should be not only permitted, but offered.

Permitting a laboring mother to consume light snacks and liquids has been shown to provide several physiological and psychological benefits for women. Several studies remind us that “glucose is the principal source of energy for the fetus and is diffused rapidly across the placenta.” The metabolism of glucose during pregnancy occurs at nearly twice the normal rate because of the demands of the fetus. With this in mind, it makes practical sense to encourage laboring women to maintain these levels by eating and drinking small amounts nutritious foods and liquids. Ketosis also becomes evident in pregnant women after only short periods of fasting and has been indicated as a factor in prolonged labor. It has also been suggested that allowing women to eat and drink during labor has positive psychological effects by allowing them to retain a feeling of control over the process and increased moral during labor. With this in mind, it may be likely that encouraging women to eat and drink while in labor may present more benefits than drawbacks.

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Source by Rebecca Stigall

Bad News: Last Journalists in a Dictatorship

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Bad News: Last Journalists in a Dictatorship

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In 2009, Anjan Sundaram began a journalist’s training program in Kigali, the capital of Rwanda. Often held up as a beacon of progress and modernity in Central Africa, the regime of President Paul Kagame—which took over after the 1994 genocide ravaged Rwanda’s population—has been given billions of dollars in Western aid. And yet, during Sundaram’s time there, almost every reporter he instructed was arrested or forced to leave the country, caught in a tightening web of strict media control.

With Bad News, Sundaram offers an incredible firsthand look at the rise of dictatorship and the fall of free speech, one that’s important to understand not just for its implications in Rwanda, but for any country threatened by demands to adopt a single way of thinking.  Bad News Last Journalists in a Dictatorship



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4 Data Security Mistakes You Should Avoid Making

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Data security is of great importance whether you are a journalist, whistleblower, investigator or a small company. While most people know that they need to protect their data, few take it seriously. To help you out, here are some of the most common data security mistakes that many people make and how to avoid them:

Failing to back up the information

Most people store their data on the cloud or on their devices. This isn’t enough. Your device can get damaged or lost. The cloud storage may also be tempered with. In addition to storing your data in these areas, you should also back it up in other devices such as external hard disks. To spread the risk, experts recommend that you avoid backing up all of your data in one device. For peace of mind, you should regularly test the backups to ensure that they are working perfectly.

Mixing personal and professional devices

This is a common mistake made by startups. Due to insufficient resources, most startups allow their employees to use their devices in the workplace. The employees use their phones and computers to handle work related projects. While this is highly convenient as the employees can carry the work home, it puts your data at risk. When an employee leaves the organization, he/she can still get access to the corporate information which is dangerous for your organization especially if the information is sensitive.

Not taking mobile security seriously

Due to the commonality of mobile phones, many people don’t take them seriously. Studies show that many people don’t recognize that mobile phones are a security threat to their information. There are many things that can go wrong with your mobile phone: someone can pick it and obtain your sensitive information, you can lose your phone or a hacker can get access to the information. Due to these risks, it’s imperative that you take the security of your device seriously. To keep off the regular snooper your phone should always have a password. To protect your data from hackers or when it gets lost you should install software that compartmentalizes your sensitive information.

Carelessly storing data

People will back up their information but fail to store it properly. One of the improper ways I have observed is people carrying sensitive data on a USB thumb drive. If you are like most people, you have the thumb drive in your car rings that you carry with you almost everywhere. If someone is interested in getting your information he/she only needs to get access to the thumb drive which is easy as you are always with it even in public areas. To protect your information you should store the device carrying sensitive information in a safe place and never carry it around. If you have to carry the drive with you, you should make heavy use of encryption. You should also make use of BitLocker, BitLocker, and other tools that offer additional protection.

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Source by Satvik Mittal

You Are a Writer (So Start Acting Like One)

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You Are a Writer (So Start Acting Like One)

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Becoming a writer begins with a simple but important belief: You are a writer; you just need to write.

In You Are a Writer, Jeff Goins shares his own story of self-doubt and what it took for him to become a professional writer. He gives you practical steps to improve your writing, get published in magazines, and build a platform that puts you in charge.

This book is about what it takes to be a writer in the 21st Century. You will learn the importance of passion and discipline and how to show up every day to do the work.

Here’s what else you will learn:

-How to transition from wanting to be a writer to actually being one
-What “good” writing is (and isn’t)
-How to stop waiting to be picked and finally choose yourself
-What it takes to build a platform
-Why authors need to brand themselves (and how to do it)
-Tips for freelancing, guest blogging, and getting published in magazines
-Different ways to network with other writers, artists, and influencers
-The importance of blogging and social media and how to use it well to find more readers and fans of your writing

You Are a Writer will help you fall back in love with writing and build an audience who shares your love. It’s about living the dream of a life dedicated to words.

AND IT ALL BEGINS WITH YOU.

Table of Contents

Introduction

Part 1: Writing

You ARE a Writer: Claiming the Title
Writers Write
The Myth of Good
It Gets Tough

Part 2: Getting Read

Three Tools Every Writer Needs
You Need a Platform
Your Brand is You
Channels of Connection

Part 3: Taking Action

Getting Started
Before Your First Book
When the Pitching Ends
What Next?

You Are a Writer So Start Acting Like One



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Technical Writing – What’s the Difference Between Business Writing and Technical Writing?

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There are a number of books, programs, and classes out there today offering to teach “technical writing.” Some of these are excellent; prepared by industry veterans who know what they’re doing. But some others are basically rehashing old “business writing” concepts and techniques under the guise of “technical writing.”

“So what?” you may ask, which is a fair question. And here is the answer: if you are seriously considering to go out there and find yourself a job as a “technical writer” then you need to have at least one technical document prepared according to industry standards and expectations. Business writing in general will of course help you communicate better and conduct your business more efficiently. That’s why it’s a good thing. But when it comes to finding a technical writing job, business writing won’t help you much. No recruiter will accept a business writing sample as a proof of your technical writing skills, especially in the hi-tech sector where I’ve been working for over 10 years now.

Business writing is all kinds of copy generated to administer, communicate with and control others in a work environment. It covers all office communications, and topics like how to write a memo; how to write an e-mail; how to prepare a report; how to write meeting minutes; all kinds of business letters, etc.

While helpful, such knowledge will not be enough to find a job in the highly competitive field of modern technical communications. Instead, what you need to learn is the kind of documentation generated every day in such hi-tech industries as software, hardware, networking, telecommunications, manufacturing, chemicals, finance, defense, etc.

Does your instructor help you learn what a “scope” document is, for example, and how it is written? How do you prepare and write “release notes”? What’s the crucial difference between an “interface guide” and a “procedural guide”? Do you know how to write a QCP for a defense contractor?

There are many other similar topics that a beginner needs to learn to prepare him or herself for a great career in technical writing. Once you know the crucial difference between “business writing” and “technical writing,” you can make a better decision as to which questions to ask before buying a technical writing book or registering in a technical writing program. That way you won’t waste your time, money and energy on a product or a program that won’t help you reach your main goal. As always the case, knowledge is power in this particular issue as well.

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Source by Ugur Akinci

Oh, What A Life

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Oh, What A Life

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The four members of American Authors hail from the four corners of the country, but came together at Boston’s Berklee College of Music in 2006. They soon dropped out, moved into a small apartment in the Bushwick section of Brooklyn, and started a band. American Authors bring their own influences and experiences to the table, creating Pop-flavored Alt Rock sprinkled with four-part harmonies, spirited lyrics, and contagious optimism. “We’re the authors of our lives,” said vocalist Zac Barnett, “creating music from what we’ve lived, from what we hope for, from what we feel. Every day is different and like everyone, our emotions change according to our personal highs and lows and by the challenges or triumphs that affect all of us. We’re not afraid to be goofy one day and serious the next. We just want to be true to ourselves and share our stories for as long as people are willing to listen.”



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Format and Function – Tips on How to Write a Sales Letter

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At one time during your marketing career, you may have been tasked to write a sales letter. You might have thought it unnecessary, even useless. After all, a little email will usually do the trick in convincing potential buyers to get your goods, right? And if you can’t write to them, you can always run over to their houses and offices, bring in the oh-so-presentable you, and blab away about why your service is the best in the West, right?

Sadly, letter writing is never out of fashion, and your instinct are just plain wrong. You will need to write a sales letter to get to ask many people as possible. You will need to write a sales letter to get that housewife to buy your set of plastic cutlery, or that football coach to buy custom-made towels for his team, or that CEO to grab that hotel membership to his favorite five-star resort. Respect and formality are still in.

A good sales letter needs to be terse, brief, succinct, but full of information about the product or service that you are selling. Many good sales letters take no more than a page or a page and a half to tell their story: within the first few words, they grab the reader; in the next few paragraphs, they can convince the most miserly recipients to shell out cash for a product or service. A good sales letter is also eager without being overbearing, and respectful without being stiff.

A good sales letter is admittedly, very difficult to write. It can be hard to tone down a hard selling tune, but likewise hard to keep oneself from being boring. If you are tasked to write a sales letter, you might want to take note of the following tips as you put pen to paper, or fingers to keyboard.

– Format is important. As with any other letter, a sales letter begins with the name and address of the sender, then the name and address of the recipient. After a formal address, the letter has a body, which contains, in order, an opening salutation, creation of a need, a sales pitch, information on how the product or service can be purchased, and a closing salutation. The letter is then signed by the sender.

Follow this format, as it can give your recipients an easier time understanding the letter and your goals. An organized letter, moreover, speaks well about your own sense of organization, and even the integrity of your company.

– Always start on a personal note, and avoid using the generic address “To whom it may concern,” or “To Mr. or Ms.” but without a name. Your potential buyers need to know that you care about them, and this knowledge begins by recognizing that you addressed them by name. In sales letter-writing, small details are key.

– Make your pitch in two hundred words or less. If you make a short pitch, you may appear as though you do not believe in your product. If you make a very long one, you might not be believable at all. Strike the balance with a medium-sized pitch that resonates with readers. Remember, you have to create a need for your product or service first before you can begin selling it.

– Do not compare your product or service with those of other companies’. This can be tempting, especially when a free market encourages stiff competition amongst competitors with like products and services. However, this can also speak ill of your company, especially if you do not have a name yet. Make your product’s or service’s qualities speak for themselves.

– Watch your grammar and spelling! Nothing can turn off readers more than a poorly constructed, badly written letter. If you cannot take care of your own writing style, you might not appear qualified to take care of potential buyers either. Always have a book of style next to you when you compose the letter. If you have time, show the sales letter to your writer or editor friends. They can give you tips on how to improve your writing, and you can practice your sales pitches on them as well!

– Sign the letter personally. A personal touch always makes you look good, and can soften your potential buyers’ hearts toward you.

If you want to write a sales letter, then you need to practice often, and believe in your product or service. As in any letter, or any product of the written word, passion shows clearly.

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Source by Mario D. Churchill

Copywriter Freelance Jobs Business Book: How to Get Freelance Writing Jobs with Freelance Copywriting

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Copywriter Freelance Jobs Business Book: How to Get Freelance Writing Jobs with Freelance Copywriting

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With this Copywriter Freelance Jobs Business Book… Imagine you can have the knowledge you want to start your freelance copywriting business that can get you plenty of freelance writing jobs and help you to live the Hassle Free All-American Lifestyle of Independence, Prosperity and Peace of Mind. Learn …. Secrets to Making Money Right Now! How to Get Freelance Work Right Now! What Other Easy Freelance Services You Can Offer! The Top Freelance Job Sites! The Freelance Top Micro Job Sites! Make an Outstanding Online Profile! How to Create Your Own Information Products! How to Never Miss a Great Job Opportunity! and Much Much More! You have the right to restore a culture of the can-do spirit and enjoy the financial security you and your family deserve. People are destroyed for lack of knowledge. For less than the cost of one night at the movies you can get the knowledge you need to start living your business dreams! Don’t wait. You’ll wait your life away…Copywriter Freelance Jobs Business Book How to Get Freelance Writing Jobs with Freelance Copywriting



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Decide This Year to Notice What Happens Outside, in Your Own Backyard, in Autumn

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~The calm reading under the palm tree! There are so many places to find that makes writing fun, relaxing and new! Try writing under a palm tree, that’s actually a unique and comfortably novel place to write and pretty cool too, if you ask me… The fall season is a great reason to notice the changes in nature, animals and natural outdoor events that take place whether we notice or not. Decide this year to notice what happens outside, in your own backyard, in Autumn.

Whether you read the Psalms under the comfortable palm trees or study your French lesson, finding a relaxing environment is key to attaining perspective or finding a great place of inspiration.Living in a tropical climate has a lot of benefits as well as challenges, though I prefer to focus more on the wonderful elements that tropical living brings! Whether wearing shorts and flip-flops all year long is your habit or looking at the wild rabbits that are eating your garden plants and vegetables, just enjoy the natural environment and the place where you call home.

Living in unison with the birds and the bees is quite humbling. Watching the lizards run about and the garden snakes recoil for cover when they get discovered is such a wonderful way to live. Enjoy watching the baby papaya trees get so busy stretching their branches and growing their leaves to see who will survive and grow up to be the grand fruit-bearing trees that human beings’ await for and relish. The fruit-bearing trees make the other trees so jealous, though for what reason, nobody knows for sure.

**As fall draws near, come more visits from the wild family of reindeer that like to comb common areas and neighbor hoods that they call home. As the weather gets colder the wild deer get bolder and want to spend more time roaming around the rivers, lakes and streams sometimes playing, looking for food, or who knows maybe laughing at human beings who are wearing reindeer sweaters in Florida~ as the holiday season is not far away. With less and less sightings of alligators and more and more sightings of deer you can be sure that Halloween and Thanksgiving draw near.

**The once plush green grasses of neighboring lawns and yards get less replenished; now more the emphases in on the small patches of yellowey- tinted weeds and grass that was once hidden under fertile green landscape, you know fall is falling upon us again! The one common animal, rodent or whatever category is most appropriate is the ever-present squirrel population. Wonderful squirrels run around my roof at night like giggling little girls and can be seen crossing the street, without looking both ways first, during any season or day of the year. Enjoy your fall season! **

I enjoy learning from you and from others offering me knowledge continuously!~

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Source by Lorie Ann Jermoune

Understanding the Census: A Guide for Marketers, Planners, Grant Writers and Other Data Users Library Edition

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Understanding the Census: A Guide for Marketers, Planners, Grant Writers and Other Data Users<br /> Library Edition”/></a><br />
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The decennial Census of Population and Housing contains an enormous amount of valuable information, but mining this information can be overwhelming. Michael R. Lavin has developed a practical, easy-to-use guide to this remarkable statistical resource. Designed as a textbook, a handbook, and a ready-reference tool, Understanding the Census is written in a user-friendly narrative style. It features a wealth of research tips, background information, and answers to frequently asked questions. The book’s many appendixes also provide valuable support material and answer important questions about the census. This is a must-have resource for anyone seeking or using U.S. Census information.



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